Practical Life / Activities of Everyday Living:

Practical Life is very important in Montessori education. Care for the person, the environment, and common courtesy are taught in this section of Montessori.  The child learns to care for their own being by learning to dress, groom, and prepare snack. They learn to care for the environment by cleaning, washing clothes, and gardening. They learn common courtesy by walking carefully, carrying objects properly, and using good manners. Practical skills such as pouring, using a spoon, folding, using tools, cutting, and beading are all included in the Practical Life section of Montessori. All Practical Life works help the child practice hand-eye coordination, gross and fine motor skills, and daily functions. In perfecting these skills the child forms self-confidence, concentration, and a sense of order.

 

Sensorial:

The Sensorial curriculum in Montessori education focuses on the exploration and understanding of a child’s environment. Sensorial materials are designed to isolate each sense, so children can work independently to organise and understand their work without the fear of failure. The senses the child will refine by using the sensorial materials during a sensitive period are visual, tactile, auditory, gustatory, olfactory, baric, thermic, and stereognostic. Sensorial works also prepare a child for math, geometry, language, writing, and logical thinking.

 

Language / Literacy:

Every lesson in Language is presented in order from left to right, giving the child an early concept of reading and writing. Expanding their vocabulary will increase their understanding of the world around them. After learning simple language works that teach order, the child will start to learn sounds using the Sandpaper Letters. The child will then start to hear different sounds in words using the object boxes, which help children build on their foundation of vocabulary, and allow them to hear the initial sounds in different words. The child will then learn to identify the ending sounds, and middle sounds in simple CVC (consonant, vowel, consonant) words. The next step in the process of language is learning how to spell and read simple CVC words. When a child can read, grammar is introduced starting with the noun, and moving on to articles, adjectives, verbs, prepositions etc. Language is a process of learning that starts out very simple and concrete, and advances to more abstract thinking.

 

Maths / Numeracy:

Practical Life and Sensorial materials provide a strong foundation for mathematics.  The knowledge gained from both these subjects carries over into the Montessori Math curriculum, where a child is able to discover math with a hands-on approach. Arithmetic, Algebra, and Geometry are all incorporated to edify each other, and allow a child to physically manipulate the material in order to form a concrete understanding of math, and make it easier to understand more abstract concepts.

 

Culture / Knowledge and Understanding of the World:

Biology in the Montessori curriculum includes activities that allow a child to experiment and observe plants and animals. The child will learn what plants and animals need, how they change, and how they are classified. A Montessori environment allows the child to be very hands-on, and encourages the child to be outdoors to explore and make scientific observations.

Geography in the Montessori curriculum gives the child an understanding of the world, and the places and cultures not seen everyday by the child. The map of the world gives the child a visual concept of the earth, and how the water and land are divided. The maps allow the child to explore and name the continents, oceans, countries, and states on the earth. The Land and Water Form trays allow the child to pour water into a cavity and see the creation they made, name it and identify it with natural land and water forms. Geography is very abstract, so to have a model available to physically hold and trace, or pour water into makes learning about the world more concrete and fun.